Bulgaria and its invisible citizens – Disabled people

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1. What means disabled person?
People who are disabled are these who can’t walk or these who walk with prosthesis; who are blind, who are deaf (they can’t hear); people who have mental problems and people who heave health problems.

2. Signs for disabled
These signs we can see them everywhere. From the streetlight sound do the parking lot. They have different variations such as morse alphabet…

3. Disabled using public transport
Now in public transport people can use ramps for using this type of transport. That helps not only disabled but and elderly people.

4. Debilitating diseases
They are too many to say. Here are 12 most common diseases:
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)- RA is an autoimmune disease that causes chronic inflammation in joints and organs throughout the body.
 Schizophrenia- This brain disease is a complex mental disorder that makes it difficult for those diagnosed with it to differentiate between reality and imagined experiences, behave normally in social situations, and have normal emotional responses to everyday situations.
 Poliomyelitis- this disease, caused by the spread of the poliovirus, affects the central nervous system and can lead to partial or full paralysis. Though vaccinations to the poliovirus have helped prevent the spread of this disease in many parts of the world, it is still a big concern today due to its extremely debilitating complications.
 Muscular Dystrophy (MD)- Muscular dystrophies are actually a group of related and inherited disorders that contribute to muscle loss and weakness over time. Each type of MD can affect children and adults, though the most severe forms usually occur in early childhood. There is no cure for these diseases, making their debilitating effects even more upsetting. The effects can target all muscles or just a group of muscles in the body, causing severe decreases in mobility, lung failure, scoliosis, cardiac fibrosis and tightening of muscles around main joints that cause complications that lead to death.
 Cerebral Palsy- There are several different types of cerebral palsy which affect the functions of the brain and nervous system. The cause for this disease is abnormalities or injuries to the brain during fetal development and also can occur up to the age of two years, when brains are still developing. There are several different types of this disease: spastic, dyskinetic, ataxic, hypotonic, and mixed, with symptoms ranging from mild to severe. These symptoms include muscle tightening, tremors, speech problems, slow growth and problems swallowing.

5. Organizations in Bulgaria
a) Center for independent living- based in Sofia this center helps disabled and fight for their rights;
b) Union of disabled people in Bulgaria;
c) Union of the blind;
d) Union of the deaf.

6. Prominent Bulgarian athletes
a) Stella Eneva- She was born with a malformation of the legs. Born 1972 and competed mainly in the disciplines discus throw, shot put and javelin.
b) Mihail Hristov- Born in 1991, at age 15, he lost one hand and the other was partially wounded by a volcano at a voltage of 20,000 V.
c) Mincho Koralski- politician. Disabled for several years. Born in 1951. Since 2006 he has been Executive Director of the Agency for People with Disabilities.

7. International Day of People with Disabilities
Announced by the United Nations General Assembly in 1992 to be celebrated on December 3rd. Each UN member state is obliged to celebrate the Day of People with Disabilities.
Since 2002, the International Day of People with Disabilities has passed under a certain motto. So far, the celebration of the Day has been done on 3 topics:
2002 – Providing independent living and sustainable income
2004 – What we are about to do with our participation
2006 – Access to electronic means of information.

8. World Day for the Rights of People with Disabilities- May the 5th.

Bulgaria and its invisible citizens – Disabled people (PPT)